Shipping is a significant issue in international trade, and today, imagine the world without a shipping service is impossible. Many factors are introduced in this field, such as air freight, sea freight, containers, FCL, and CLL. Therefore, it is an ordinary matter to see different shipping companies globally; each of them offers various services to their customers. The door to door is a specific service which has made the process of goods transportation easier.
In this service, all affairs are done by the freight forwarder, and the customer takes the goods to the destination.
China is an economic hub globally that many people worldwide go to this country to provide products for their business. Iraq is a country that supplies many of its products from China. Therefore, shipping from China to Iraq is a significant matter that, in this article, we try to provide comprehensive information.
Shipping from China to Iraq
International shipping is a critical issue in China because it transports goods almost to all countries globally. Therefore, the infrastructure is well-equipped in this country, and many services are offered to the customer globally. Shipping from China to Iraq takes in two ways:
- Sea freight
Sea freight for shipping from China to Iraq
The primary method of transportation in international trade is sea shipping. Sea freight is people and goods by boat, ship, and other vessels through the sea. However, due to ships’ long-distance and slowness, this way is not suitable for people who are in a hurry to take their packages as soon as possible.
In contrast, it is the best way for the most massive volume of goods. It is estimated that more than 70% of international freight is shipped. However, this sea freight has some conditions that are as the following:
- Goods are cumbersome
- Goods have the bad or awkward shape
- Goods are super large
- Goods are more than 200 kg
If your situation meets these conditions, it is the best way for shipping from China to Iraq.
Sea ports for shipping from China to Iraq
There are many prominent seaports in China that some of them are listed in the world’s tenth international ports. Annually, many ships are sent to different parts of the world and made many revenues for China. The Chinese seaports and Iraqi sea ports are:
|Chinese Seaports||Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Fushan, Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Qingdao, Tianjin, Ningbo|
|Iraqi Seaports||Umm Qasr, Basrah, Baghdad, Abu Fous Port, Khor Al Zubair Port, Shuaiba, King Abdul Aziz Port|
Umm Qasr, the largest seaport in Iraq
This seaport is considered the most crucial port in Iraq. It has two docks. The old harbor consists of 8 anchorages, and the new pier consists of 13 anchorages. This port’s maximum unloading capacity is 8.850 (eight million eight hundred and fifty thousand) tons per year. Its storage capacity is 614,000 (six hundred and fourteen thousand) tons per year.
The idea of building and constructing this port dates back to 1960 when the volume of foreign trade was increasing after 1958. Another external factor that led to its construction was the depth of the water and made it possible to build such a port because it allowed large ships to be moored with heavy cargo.
The port of Umm Qasr is located at the southern end of the Al-Zubair estuary, at the confluence of the estuary of Abdullah, 66 km from the city of Basra. The construction of three concrete piers was completed in 1964, with a depth of 9.7 meters. The implementing company has paid particular attention to the development and expansion of the port, and it has already designed one of the berths for the export of sulfur.
Sulfur is transported from the east to the berth. It is transported to the ships by an automatic conveyor belt with a length of more than one kilometer and a maximum loading capacity (1500 tons per hour) from the berth’s storage area.
Port development plans include constructing a pier to carry ordinary containers (250) meters long and (35) meters wide, equipped with a dock with a capacity of emptying 40-ton containers, and constructing ten new commercial wharves on the river Am Qasr.
It should be noted that the implementation of the fourth phase of the Mubarak port of Kuwait (located on the east coast of the island of Bubyan) could harm the current situation of the port of Umm Qasr in Iraq.
As a result, the Iraqi government was concerned that the implementation of this phase would lead to heavy ship traffic on this route, narrowing the canal and making it difficult for ships to reach the port of Umm Qasr.
Containers for shipping from China to Iraq by sea
The container is a large standard transport container designed and built to transport cargo. These large containers can be used in various transport modes – from ship to rail to truck – without reloading. Containers are primarily used to store and transport materials and products efficiently and safely in the international transportation system.
Of course, this type of transportation is also used for regional movements between nearby areas. These containers are known by different names such as container, treasure, sea, and ocean container.
All of these containers have codes that are valid all over the world. Container code reduces the possibility of loading the wrong destination to almost zero.
These containers are made of different materials. Typically, metal and fiberglass containers are ubiquitous, and they have more applications than other materials (sometimes wood).
Also, the range of goods that can be moved with this type of transport container is very diverse. For example, liquid or gas goods can also be moved with specific containers and not leak.
It has led to the use of sea containers in the movement of fuel. In 2012, there were about 20.5 million containers in the world that were produced in different types. The shape of the box, such as the containers and handles and clamps installed on it during the production of this product, has made this type of product more suitable for moving than plastic or iron boxes. Companies have developed containers to prevent the movement of smaller goods.
Types of containers for shipping from China to Iraq
Containers are usually divided into 20-foot and 40-foot containers in size. They may also have smaller or larger sizes. Shipping companies that plan to move goods try to adjust the goods’ size and weight to a factor of 20 or 40 feet. It is just a category in terms of size.
These categories can be combined with other categories. For example, 20-foot containers with containers, 40-foot containers with roofs, 20-foot and 40-foot containers without tops and refrigerators.
Sea freight cost for shipping from China to Iraq by 40 foot containers!
The cost of sea freight for shipping from China to Iraq are illustrated:
|Shanghai||700 $||650 $||790 $|
|Shenzhen||750 $||750 $||712 $|
|Ningbo||600 $||800 $||800 $|
|Xiamen||800 $||710 $||690 $|
|Dalian||710 $||650 $||745 $|
|Qingdao||890 $||800 $||854 $|
|Tianjin||760 $||750 $||789 $|
|Hong Kong||800 $||850 $||600 $|
|Guangzhou||690 $||800 $||792 $|
|Fushan||800 $||690 $||695 $|
|Zhongshan||750 $||690 $||800 $|
|Zhuhan||650 $||700 $||750 $|
Pay attention to this matter that these prices are not exact! For more information please contact DDPCH Company.
How long does it take from China to Iraq by sea freight (ocean freight)?
The time of sea freight depends on different factors such as the distance, the transit time, and many expected and unexpected matters. Shipping from China to Iraq takes 30 to 60 days, and the transit time in each port are indicated in the following table:
|Umm Qasr Ports||Basrah Port||Baghdad Port|
|Shanghai||10 Days||10 Days||12 Days|
|Shenzhen||12 Days||11 Days||12 Days|
|Guangzhou||12 Days||11 Days||14 Days|
|Beijing||10 Days||10 Days||13 Days|
|Ningbo||11 Days||14 Days||12 Days|
Air freight for shipping from China to Iraq
Airfreight is one of the modes of goods transportation, and it has some advantages. The most crucial advantage of this method is the high speed and flexible delivery times, usually all packages by air receive within a week.
It is significant for those in a hurry or has products that can be damaged for a long time. Airfreight is one significant way of shipping from China to Iraq. The Chinese and Iraqi airports are:
|Chinese Airports||Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Beijing, Ningbo|
|Iraqi Airports||Sulaymaniyah, Baghdad, Basrah, Erbil|
How long does it take for shipping from China to Iraq, by air?
The time of airfreight depends on different factors such as the distance, the transit time, and many expected and unexpected matters. Air freight from China to Iraq takes 10 to 13 days, and the transit time in each port are indicated in the following table:
|Shanghai||1 Days||2 Days||2 Days||3 Days|
|Shenzhen||3 Days||3 Days||1 Days||1 Days|
|Guangzhou||2 Days||2 Days||3 Days||3 Days|
|Beijing||3 Days||2 Days||2 Days||2|
|Ningbo||4 Days||4 Days||3 Days||3 Days|
Airfreight cost for shipping from China to Iraq!
The cost of airfreight is expensive, but as it has many advantages, many people prefer this way. air freight cost for shipping from China to Iraq by air is:
|45Kg+||100 kg+||300kg+||500 kg+||1000 kg+|
|Shanghai||6 $||5 $||4 $||3 $||2.5 $|
|Shenzhen||5 $||4.5 $||3 $||2.8 $||2 $|
|Guangzhou||5 $||4.2 $||4.1 $||3.8 $||3 $|
|Beijing||4 $||3.6 $||3 $||2.8 $||2.5 $|
|Ningbo||4 $||3.6 $||3 $||2.1 $||2 $|
Transportation of dangerous goods by air from China to Iraq
Nowadays, transportation has become a specialized science at the international level, and moving various cargoes is no longer considered a simple matter. Transportation of Dangerous Goods is more critical. Because dangerous loads can be very accidental if they do not comply with international standards. It is so important that international transport organizations such as IATA (IATA) and ICAO (ICAO) have set special rules in this regard.
What are the dangerous goods?
Dangerous goods are cargoes that must be accepted and sent under the provisions of the Dangerous Goods Book, developed by the IATA International Organization. These goods are classified into nine groups. Each of which has its own rules, which are only mentioned here:
- Flammable gases
- Flammable liquids
- Flammable objects
- Oxidizing substances
- Contagious substances
- Radioactive materials
- Other miscellaneous materials such as magnets, batteries, polymer products, dry ice
Express shipping service from China to Iraq
Express shipping service from China to Iraq is a significant mode of goods transportation that makes goods delivery time very short. In this method, all packages are delivered within 1 to 3 business ways.
The cost of express shipping service from China to Iraq is more expensive than the classic mode, but when people are in a hurry and wait for some time, it is the best option. Usually, express shipping service is suitable for people who have small packages.
International freight forwarder for shipping from China to Iraq
As China is a great country, and almost many people travel to this country to order products for their business. Besides, many people order different products in from China in the Internet, and they ask some companies to send these products for them. There are many International airports in China such as:
- DB Schencker
- United Parcel Service
- Blue Dart
- Royal Mail
- Post NL
- On Trace Inc.
- TFL International
- Laser ship Inc.
- S.F. Holdings
- ZTO Express ( Cayman)
- Yunda Holdings
- YAMTO Holdings
- B Post SA/NY
- Japan Post Group
Almost all these international companies have agents in more than 200 countries in the world, and they can deliver packages in China. Many people prefer international freight forwarder for shipping from China because the international freight forwarder knows the trading rules in the international level, and it is very helpful in different stages of goods transportation.
All in all, it is up to you to choose the international freight forwarder, but before taking any actions, it is better to collect more reliable information in this field. For more information, it is better to go the official website of each company.
Does DHL ship from China to Iraq?
DHL is a German Company for sea and air freight. The main office of this company is located in Bonn. It was founded by Andrian Dalsey, Larry Hillblom, and Robert Lynn in 1966, and it is a leading company for goods transportation globally.
It works in 220 countries. In the Middle East, it has branches in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Burma. It helps business to overgrow and become a familiar brand for their customers.
Customs clearance is a significant matter in importing from China to Iraq. Clearance of goods means the release of imported goods from customs. The clearance stage is for the entry or exit of the goods from this organization.
Clearance is a multi-step methods that some documents are represented by the owner of the goods. Often, to release a cleared product, a product must be considered in a number of ways, including paying taxes, commercial profits, customs duties, and receiving the necessary documents. Different documents are offered to this organization that they are as the following:
- Bill of Lading
- Certificate of Origin Packing List
- Test or Inspection Certificate Insurance
Please pay attention to these tow documents in customs clearance in Iraq:
- A commercial invoice (a description of a product must be included in the list, the origin country, the details of the manufacturer and all the necessary information)
- A certificate of origin (this document is not generally required, but it is better to have it by the invoice, two copies of the packing list, three copies of the bill of lading)
Rules of Customs Clearance in Iraq
For shipping from China to Ira, all packages arrive at the customs organization. According to the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Iraq, 10% was determined for the goods in 2016.
But after 2016, the organization increased this rate. Some of them are:
- Cigarettes (75%)
- Juices (25%)
- Television (35%)
- Alcoholic Beverages (100%)
- Air conditioners (25%)
- Sedan cars (25%)
In 2018, this rate reached to 30% for some items. As Iraq is a member of the World Customs Organization, it complies with H.S systems.
What is H.S for shipping?
In each country, governments design a system depending on tax policies, budgets, the economy, and pricing. The function of this system is to control, identify and classify products based on the prevailing standards in the country.
This system is called HS (Harmonized System Code), which contains customs statistics, foreign economic activity, and tariff and non-tariff measures of international trade regulations. This code can represent the standard of goods for correspondence and trade.
In other words, in international trade and world trade, all goods are classified according to a harmonized and global standard. The goods have a standard 8-digit tariff number that is used in all organs and organizations (Tax Affairs Organization, Ministry of Mining Industry and Trade, World Development Organization, etc.). This code indicates the specifications of the goods.
The system was first implemented in January 2010 by the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan (CU). Currently, RF customs officials use the HS CU Customs Union System instead of HS RF.
The HS Code is based on a coordinated description and programming system from the WTO. In this system, all goods have an 8-digit or 10-digit code. The first 4 or 6 digits of these codes are common to all member countries, and the subsequent digits vary according to the product classification space of each country.
The HS code specifies the details and features of the product. Buyers and sellers must use the HS Code for their international transactions. The code of each product is recorded in the sales invoices.
Every exporter and seller of goods must define the customs code for their product. If the HS code is rejected, any goods entered incorrectly are subject to customs rules and regulations. Incorrect entry of HS code means violation of the customs laws and regulations of the country, which leads to administrative penalties. This penalty includes 50 to 200 percent of the customs value of the goods.
Classification of goods based on HS code is based on categories of goods with similar characteristics and specifications. This type of classification is to facilitate international trade. This code has also been very effective for business formalities, deciding to conclude trade contracts and reviewing world trade statistics. Product classification based on HS Code is based on the alphabet, manufacturing technology, ingredients and uses of products.
The list, based on HS codes and product classification, simplifies negotiations and arrangements between the parties to the transaction. This list is changing every year due to the addition of new products. For determining HS code in shipping from China to Iraq, you can go to the Iraq official website.
How are import procedures from China to Iraq?
For importing goods from China to Iraq, almost all goods need license, and a few goods are exempted. If goods are shipped to Erbil, an authorization letter from the origin agent is required.
Importing Samples for shipping from China to Iraq
Sample shipments don’t require any specific procedures, but it is necessary to be mentioned the invoice list.
Local companies for shipping from China
As I mentioned earlier, there are many international companies in China for shipping to different countries. Besides, there are many local companies. Many suppliers in China prefer the local companies. One of the most significant reasons is that these local companies are cheaper than international companies, and it is very important for all people who want to order products from China.
Other reasons are that they know Chinese language, and they know the region very well. These factors make many people to consider the local companies as the best option for shipping from China. If you want to choose these companies, it is better to go to the official website and consult with them to get more reliable information about them. Also, you can read the customer’s satisfactions in the website, it will help you to choose the best company which meets your need!
Incoterms in shipping from China to Iraq
These rules involves all methods of goods transportation. They are as the following:
- EXW (factory door delivery)
In this method, the seller delivers the goods to the buyer at the production place or warehouse. All responsibilities and costs, including loading, transportation, insurance, customs, and the risk of damage to the goods, are the buyer’s responsibility.
- FCA , Delivery to a specific point in the country of origin
It means that the seller delivers the goods to the carrier designated by the buyer after the export clearance at the designated place. Given that the location of Delivery is the buyer’s country, the loading is with the buyer and it is the risk point of the process. The cost of transportation and insurance is with the buyer, and usually (and not necessarily) the contract of transportation and insurance is the buyer’s responsibility.
- CPT, freight paid
This rule, which is a type of combined transportation, implies that the seller prepares the goods, transports them internally and clears them for export, and pays the export clearance costs himself. Also, the carrier selects the final destination, concludes the contract of carriage, and pays the fare to the specified place in the agreement as to the final destination. The risk and responsibility of the seller ends when he delivers the goods to the first carrier. The payment of insurance and the conclusion of an inspection contract is with the buyer.
- CIP, Fare and paid shipping insurance
This rule of Incoterms means that the seller delivers the goods to the carrier of his choice. He has concluded a carriage contract by obtaining export licenses from his country and export clearance and paying the freight to the destination. And insures the goods to the destination and pays the insurance fee.
- DAT, Delivery at the destination country terminal
This term means that the seller is responsible for all transportation costs (export costs, shipping, unloading from the primary carrier at the destination port, and destination port costs) and assuming all risks to the destination terminal. The terminal can be considered a port, airport, and place of exchange of goods. Besides, import duties, taxes, and customs fees are the responsibility of the buyer.
- DAP, Delivery at specific points in the destination country
The term can be used for all modes of transport, or in a process in which there is more than one mode of transport. The seller is responsible for coordinating the transportation and Delivery of goods, preparing for the vehicle’s unloading at the agreed location. In this method, the seller is not responsible for paying taxes and insurance coverage.
- DDP, Delivery to destination with payment of customs duties and taxes
The seller is responsible for the Delivery of the goods to the place specified in the buyer’s country and is responsible for paying all costs of transporting the goods to the destination, including entrance fees and taxes. This semester includes the maximum obligations of the seller and the minimum obligations of the buyer.
Door to door shipping service from China to Iraq
Door to door shipping service is a unique way for goods transportation. In this way, all affairs are done by the freight forwarder. The customers should go to the company, concludes the contract, and pay the fee. Besides, she/he must deliver the important documents to the freight forwarder.
All the processes are taken by the freight forwarder. The customer can track the process of goods transportation. While concluding a contract, a specific number is given to the customer; then, she/he could go to the official website, to the tracking part and enter the number. All information will be appeared in the website.
Port to Port shipping service from China to Iraq
In this method, like the previous one, the customer must conclude a contract by the freight forwarder. But the freight forwarder takes the goods in the specific port (mentioned in the contract), and delivers it to the customer in the preferred port by the customer. From the port, the customer has the responsibility of the goods to take them to the specific destination.
Door to port shipping service from China to Iraq
In this method, the goods are taken from the warehouse in China, and they are delivered to specific port in the preferred destination by the customer.
How to decrease the cost of shipping from China?
It is worthy to mention that one of the best way to decrease the cost of shipping from China to Iraq is to use the door to door shipping service! this service will make the process of shipping very easy for customers, and they can take their packages in the preferred destination and continue their business!For more information in this field, you can contact the DDCPH team!
In this article, we tried to talk about all necessary information for shipping from China to Iraq. At the end of this article, we remind you that many people may suggest Alibaba website to choose a shipping company. Some point must be considered in choosing a shipping company.
The first, if you decide to choose one company, you must have legal contract the freight forwarder. The second, you must know that all legal companies in China has official website; therefore, if you want to choose a company, you must check the official website of the company. All this information will help you to choose the best company for shipping from China to Iraq.
If you need an impressive rate and competitive offer for Door to Door Rail and Trucking service from China to European countries, please contact our Sale Team.
It depends on the weight and volume of the goods, but usually the sea freight is cheaper than any other ways.
The necessary documents for customs clearance in Iraq are: invoice, letter of origin and bill of landing.
For decreasing shipping costs from China, you can ask companies which offer door to door service to do shipping for you.