Volume weight vs Gross weight for air freight | An Importers Guide

Mina Davoudi Mina Davoudi March 2, 2020 0 Comments
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The importer’s lexicon is full of terms and definitions heard here and there. Knowing a basic amount of these terms is necessary for any business person importing from China. In this article, we will be focusing on Volume weight vs Gross weight for air freight and will explain what each means. 

What is volume weight?

Volumetric weight (volume weight) refers to a parcel’s total size and experts use volumetric kilograms for it. The volumetric weight can be calculated by first multiplying a parcel’s length, width, and height (in cm). And then dividing the number by 5000 (some carriers use a 4000 divider).

Sometimes, you may find that your shipment’s price is determined by the volumetric weight of your parcel(s) rather than by the physical weight. This is because our pricing is determined on the basis of whichever out of volumetric weight and physical weight is the greater.

It is worth noting that it operates in the opposite direction too. You could have a small box of heavy metal components weighing 10 kg in physical weight (30 cm x 30 cm x 20 cm). The parcel’s volume is 5.4kgs. The volumetric weight is lower than the physical cargo weight, in this case, meaning that the price would be measured on 10 kg.

Further Reading: Comparing Air Cargo with Sea Cargo | 5 Facts You Probably Did Not Know

Now that we read about the volumetric weight, on the way to understanding volume weight vs gross weight, let us move on to gross weight. 

What is Gross weight?

Gross in the dictionary means Total. Gross weight, instead, means total weight. The gross weight will cover all of the shipping aspects required. It includes the product itself, its packaging and any other packaging required to allow the product to be shipped.

For each transport method different aspects will add up to the gross weight:

  • We measure air transport gross weight as product weight plus packaging weight plus crew and passenger weight, fuel, and aircraft.
  • Gross weight for road or rail transport is the product weight plus packaging (tare weight), plus the weight of the vehicle or wagon.
  • Gross weight for waterway transport is measured as product weight and packaging weight (tare weight) or container weight.

Further Reading: What is Bulk carrier? | All you need to know

Volume weight vs Gross weight for air freight

Some believe the volumetric weight is the same as the chargeable weight. For large loads, the chargeable weight is the volumetric weight automatically. This information, however, is not reliable because some parcels may have a higher density and therefore weigh more than their volumetric weight. In this case, the gross weight of the package will be the chargeable weight.

You do not have to do all these maths while shipping with ddpch as our experts will do everything. If you have a bulky/heavy item to send, all you need to do is ask for an individual deal and our experts will do all of the calculations to make sure you get the right price and quality for your package. And with our years of experience in delivering sea and air freight, express cargos, Amazon FBA, and DDP shipments, we guarantee the fastest and most reliable procedures.

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Mina Davoudi
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